Lunar Eclipse 2020: Complete guide to Chandra Grahan India timings, duration

Chandra Grahan 2020: A penumbral lunar eclipse will be visible in India for more than four hours starting tomorrow night. Here's a comprehensive guide with all the information you need.

FROM LEFT: A total lunar eclipse seen in Ashkelon, Israel on July 27, 2018; a partial eclipse seen in Berlin, Germany on July 16, 2019; a penumbral eclipse seen in Manila, The Phillipines, on November 28, 2012. (Photos by Reuters. Montage by ITGD Design Team/Vikas Vashisht and Vikram Gautam)

Space enthusiasts, listen up. You ooh-ed and aah-ed at a "ring of fire" solar eclipse just weeks ago...and now, get ready for another treat: a penumbral lunar eclipse.
The lunar eclipse, or chandra grahan, will be visible on January 10 and 11 in Asia, Africa, Europe and Australia, and in some parts of the Americas.
CHANDRA GRAHAN TIMINGS IN INDIA
Here, the lunar eclipse begins at 22:37:44 (shortly after 10.30 pm) on January 10 and ends at 2:42:19 am on January 11, according to timeanddate.com. That's over four hours.
But what does "penumbral" mean, you ask? To find out, let's take a closer look at how lunar eclipses work.
IN SPOTLIGHT, BUT OVERSHADOWED
Lunar eclipses happen when the Earth's shadow, or a part of it, falls on the full moon. A total lunar eclipse, as the name suggests, requires the moon to be completely covered by the Earth's shadow -- although some filtered light manages to reach our satellite and make it "glow" red.
Imperfect alignments cause partial and penumbral eclipses. The third kind, the one you'll see tomorrow, happens when the moon passes through the Earth's outer shadow, or penumbra (look the images below and notice how the Earth's shadow has lighter and darker regions).
What can you expect to see? "The event is so subtle that most people don't even notice," according to a National Geographic explainer. "The moon will appear just slightly darker than normal."
Now, you may wonder: why don't we see a lunar eclipse each time there's a full moon? That's because of the tilt in its orbit, which makes the alignment needed for an eclipse rare.

LUNAR PHASES AND ECLIPSES
Don't confuse the phases of the moon with lunar eclipses: the pretty semi-circles and crescents you normally see at night depend on the angle from which you see the illuminated lunar surface (the part facing the Sun).
Be sure to check out this mesmerising Nasa graphic showing how the moon's phases will unfold throughout 2020.

WHICH PARTS OF THE WORLD CAN SEE JANUARY 10-11 LUNAR ECLIPSE FULLY?
The pink filter on the 3-D map below, created by timeanddate.com, covers all the regions where the penumbral lunar eclipse will be fully visible. There are other places where it will be partially visible.

CAN I EAT DURING THE LUNAR ECLIPSE? SLEEP? DRIVE?
Yes, yes and yes.

IS IT SAFE TO LOOK AT THE MOON DURING A LUNAR ECLIPSE?
Totally. You're not looking at a powerful source of light and energy like the Sun. It's only during a solar eclipse that you need special equipment to protect your eyes.

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